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Yidam

Tib., yi-dam

The personal deity (male or female) of a practitioner, embodying her or his potential nature once it is awakened; chosen and visualized according to one's psychologial makeup. There are six types of yidam, with the defining attributes of a given deity depending on a) gender and b) the three qualities defined as gentle, semi-fierce or fierce.

Each possible mixture of gender and quality has a collective, typological name


gentle semi-fierce fierce (wrathful)
female
Skt.
Tib.

individual
examples

Bhagavati
bhagavati
bcom-ldan-'das-ma
Dakini, Khadroma
dakini
mKha'-'Gro-ma

Vajra Yogini

Dakini, Khadroma
dakini
mKha'-'Gro-ma

Sarvabuddhadakini
Simhamukha, Simhavaktra
Vajravarahi

male
Skt.
Tib.

individual
examples

Bhagavat
bhagavat
bcom-ldan-'das
Daka
daka
dpa'-bo (hero, warrior)

Hevajra

Heruka
heruka
khrag-'thung (blood-drinker)

Chakrasamvara
Chandamaharosana
Hayagriva